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PostPosted: Fri Oct 25, 2013 12:40 pm 
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Research Based Therapy Models
There are a variety of therapy interventions that therapist use to help people struggling with mental illness. There are some types of modalities that are research and evidence based. This concept is known as Evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP are basically therapy interventions that have been found to be efficacious for one or more psychological conditions and have proven consistent efficacy through clinical trials. Here I would like to discuss some of the evidence-based practices that are widely used.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive behavior Therapy (CBT) has strong empirical support for many psychological issues such as depression, insomnia, anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobias, panic disorders, chronic headaches, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, etc. A therapist using Cognitive behavioral techniques would typically focus on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors. By understanding patterns self-destructive or negative thinking that lead to actions and the core beliefs that direct these thoughts, clients can modify their patterns of thinking and eventually improve their actions.

For example, with general anxiety disorder (GAD), where excessive and uncontrollable worrying is the major problem, the use of cognitive restructuring to modify catastrophic thinking patterns and beliefs that worrying has a useful function leads to less anxiety. For panic disorders where patients experience distortions and dysfunctions in thought about catastrophic consequences of certain bodily sensations, CBT helps the sufferer identify and modify dysfunctional ideas that exacerbate panic symptoms through the exposure-based components of CBT such as going to crowded places for in vivo exposure or interceptive exposure such as bodily sensations.

Family-based Treatments
Family-based treatments focus on the recognition that family members have an impact on the patient's recovery, functioning, prevention of relapse, fewer hospitalizations, and improvement of patient-family relations, crisis intervention, emotional support, and reduction of distress. Its focus is on what can be done to resolve the problem rather than what or who caused the problem. This has strong empirical support for effective use in adolescents with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. It is also strongly supported for people with bipolar disorder and people suffering from schizophrenia (American Psychological Association, 2012).

Relaxation-Based Treatments
In relaxation-based treatments, the patients are taught formal exercises that focus on the reduction of somatic tension and negative thoughts. Examples are progressive muscle relaxation, slow diaphragmatic breathing, autogenic training, guided imagery, and meditation. It takes multiple weekly and biweekly sessions to teach relaxation techniques and practice at home is imperative for mastery of these techniques. Relaxation therapy has been proven effective for insomnia and other conditions that could benefit from relaxation and there is very little evidence that shows differential effectiveness across the range of relaxation modalities.


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PostPosted: Fri Oct 25, 2013 1:05 pm 
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Joined: Thu Oct 03, 2013 12:46 pm
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Is there any preferred therapy course to take - what would be the factors that would guide to the type of therapy to use on a specific case ?


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